Using IPFS and Hyperledger on Private Blockchain to Secure the Criminal Record System

##plugins.themes.bootstrap3.article.main##

  •   Mamun Ahmed

  •   Akash Roy Pranta

  •   Mst. Fahmida Akter Koly

  •   Farjana Taher

  •   Mohammad Asaduzzaman Khan

Abstract


In today's modern world, digitizing criminal records is a need for a nation. It contains criminal information that is securely and digitally stored. Blockchain technology allows us to store highly secure and efficient data. In this system, each transaction is permanent, which makes changing data or hacking the system nearly impossible. In our paper, hyperledger based on a low-cost private blockchain and IPFS are used to track any media file as evidence. Although the owner had access to all the capabilities for handling criminal records, the system did restrict users’ access in several ways. More security, privacy, and authorization are prioritized by this. We use the concept for updating fugitive criminal records.



Keywords: Blockchain, criminal record, fugitive criminal, hyperledger, IPFS

References

Zunair H, Muhammad I, Ammbar N. Forensics to Government Agencies Data using Hyper Ledger Fabric (HLF). JCBI. 2022; 3(1): 208-229.

Kim D, Ihm S-Y, Son Y. Two-Level Blockchain System for Digital Crime Evidence Management. Sensors. 2021; 21(9): 1-17.

Shabaz M, Smiley G. Evichain: Evaluating and Scrutinizing Crime using Block Chain. IJRTE. 2021: 8(3): 3992-3994..

Barclay I. Innovative Applications of Blockchain Technology in Crime and Security. M.S. Thesis, Cardiff University; 2017.

Zhong Y, Mi Z, Jiangnan L, Jiahui C, Yan L, Yun Z, Muchuang H, et al. Distributed blockchain-based authentication and authorization protocol for smart grid. Wireless Communications and Mobile Computing. 2021; 2021(15): 1530-8669.

Basile M, Dini G, Marchetti A, Bacciu C, Duca AL. A blockchain-based support to safeguarding the Cultural Heritage. EVA Proceedings of the Electronic Imaging & the Visual Arts, edited by V. Cappellini. 2019; 64-73.

Alghazwi M, Turkmen F, Velde JV, Karastoyanova D. Blockchain for genomics: a systematic literature review. Distributed Ledger Technologies: Research and Practice. 2021; 1(2): 1-28.

Shukla P, Tyagi R, Tyagi A. Implementation of blockchain on criminality record checker. Int. J. Engineering Research & Technology (IJERT). 2020; 9(04): 682-686.

Guo J, Wei X, Zhang Y, Ma J, Gao H, Wang L, Liu Z, et al. Antitampering scheme of evidence transfer information in judicial system based on blockchain. Security and Communication Networks. 2022; 2022.

Liu Y, Zhang J, Wu S, Pathan MS. Research on digital copyright protection based on the hyperledger fabric blockchain network technology. PeerJ Computer Science. 2021; 7: e709.

Tasnim MA, Omar AA, Rahman MS, Bhuiyan M, Alam Z. Crab: Blockchain based criminal record management system. In International Conference on Security, Privacy and Anonymity in Computation, Communication and Storage. 2018: 294-303.

Dini AT, Abete EG, Colombo M, Guevara J, Hoffmann BS, Abeledo MC. Analysis of implementing blockchain technology to the argentinian criminal records information system. In 2018 Congreso Argentino de Ciencias de la Informática y Desarrollos de Investigación (CACIDI). 2018: 1-3.

Lone AH, Mir RN. Forensic-chain: Ethereum blockchain based digital forensics chain of custody. Sci. Pract. Cyber Secur. 2018; 1(1): 21-27.

Borse Y, Patole D, Chawhan G, Kukreja G, Parekh H, Jain R. Advantages of Blockchain in Digital Forensic Evidence Management. Proceedings of the 4th International Conference on Advances in Science & Technology (ICAST2021). 2021.

Tsai, Fu-Ching. The Application of Blockchain of Custody in Criminal Investigation Process. Procedia Computer Science. 2021; 192: 2779-2788.

Hu S, Zhang S, Fu K. TFChain: Blockchain-based Trusted Forensics Scheme for Mobile Phone Data Whole Process. In 2022 IEEE 6th Information Technology and Mechatronics Engineering Conference (ITOEC). 2022; 6: 155-165.

Khan AA, Uddin M, Shaikh AA, Laghari AA, Rajput AE, et al. MF-ledger: blockchain hyperledger sawtooth-enabled novel and secure multimedia chain of custody forensic investigation architecture. IEEE Access. 2021; 9: 103637-103650.

Hanafi J, Prayudi Y, Luthfi A. IPFSChain: Interplanetary File System and Hyperledger Fabric Collaboration for Chain of Custody and Digital Evidence Management. International Journal of Computer Applications. 2021; 183(41): 24-32.

Fathiyana RZ, Yutia SN, Hidayat DJ. Prototype of Integrated National Identity Storage Security System in Indonesia using Blockchain Technology. JOIV: International Journal on Informatics Visualization. 2022; 6(1): 109-116.

##plugins.themes.bootstrap3.article.details##

How to Cite
Ahmed, M., Pranta, A. R., Koly, M. F. A., Taher, F., & Khan, M. A. (2023). Using IPFS and Hyperledger on Private Blockchain to Secure the Criminal Record System. European Journal of Information Technologies and Computer Science, 3(1), 1–6. https://doi.org/10.24018/compute.2023.3.1.81